12 Guidelines for a Web Designer (CSS/HTML)
You know to understand and explaining the guidelines especially when it comes to usability of your business’s website is an assured way to increase your client foundation.
The websites that are not user-friendly are not suitable. Simply put, if your website is not friendly for the people who go to your page, visitors will go elsewhere. Building trust and make them sure your website is easy and quite comfortable to access, efficient to work upon, and subsumes accessible content are some of the important guidelines every designer needs to follow.
You should also think to have your own website experimented especially for usability. And, when you test your website, you’ll be capable to figure out what is going right, what is going wrong, and what might need to be changed, right?
In today’s global marketplace, it’s certainly not enough to just have a digital presence. So, to grab an opportunity and enthrall real, live, human students & readers, an optimized, practical, an interactive website is a must.
Unfortunately, today the Internet is crowding with inadequate website designs that miss both the technological and content mark. Ineffectively yet, clients and also the developers alike continuously contribute to the modern outbreak of design delinquency in the same measure.
Now, you could spend eons studying the major ins and outs of usability and UX, but here for the sake of giving you a jumping-off point, we’ve put collectively the subsequent list of important guidelines to apply to your next web design project. Let’s take a dive into the major guidelines for creating a user-friendly website.
1. Make It Readable
The readability comes at the top of its list and that every designer must focus whilst create a website. Readability of your CSS is very significant, though utmost people overlook why it’s important. Excellent readability of your CSS designs it much simpler only to maintain in the future, as you’ll be able to find elements quicker. Also, you’ll never know who might need to look at your code later on.
<editors-note> When creating a website with CSS, many of the developers fall into one of two groups.
<editors-note> You know what, that both practices are perfectly acceptable, though you’ll generally find that group two despises group one! Just remember — choose the method that looks best TO YOU. That’s all that matters.
2. Plan Your Layout
It is always wise to draw a layout of the particular website that you are going to design. To plan the designing and creating a website with an eye-catching view matters a lot for a web designer. So before creating a website do remember the major point of planning a layout. Look at the below shot, you will get it more clearly.
3. Use the Right DocType
While designing a website, the doctype declaration matters a whole lot on whether or not your markup and CSS will approve. In fact, the complete appearance and feel of your site can alter greatly depending on the DOCTYPE that you declare.
Here is how we do it:
4. Providing Style Sheet Information
Another important character of creating a catchy website is to incorporate author, tags, title, description, accurate URL information, and other aspects within your stylesheet. So here, whenever the user or developer who would need a reference or other features at any point in time, they will quickly attain the contact person as well as all other information that they are looking for.
The aspect of designing the elements of a Stylesheet from top to bottom might not be as easy as it might seem to be. Sometimes, if the designer has the least idea of CSS, they might start organizing the elements by arranging these in the order they would like them to be. However, when it comes to writing CSS code, this might not be a good practice, as it might become difficult for others or yourself to locate the CSS code elements within the stylesheet.
5. HTML Line- Wrapping
Another significant perspective is the Line- wrapping in HTML. Break long lines (optional). While there is no column limit testimonial for HTML, you may recognize wrapping long lines if it significantly improves readability. When line-wrapping, each continuation line should be indented at least 4 additional spaces from the original line.
6. ID and Class Naming
Every designer needs to use meaningful or generic ID along with the class name instead of presentational or cryptic names, you always need to use ID and class names that reflect the main purpose of the element in question, or that we are otherwise generic. Names that usually are specific and that element should be preferred as such and considered as most understandable & the least likely to change. The names that are generic are simply a fallback for the elements that usually have no particular or no meaning different from their siblings. In short, they’re typically needed as “helpers”.
You know what, using functional or generic names lessens the probability of unnecessary files or template changes.
Here is how we need to do it.
In semantics, every designer necessitates using HTML according to its purpose. Using the major elements (sometimes incorrectly called “tags”) for what they have been created for.
For example, use heading elements for the headings, elements for paragraphs, an element for anchors, etc. Or using HTML according to its purpose is important for accessibility, reuse, and code efficiency reasons.
8. Optional Tags
Omit optional tags (optional). For file size optimization and scannability purposes, consider omitting optional tags. The HTML5 specification defines what tags can be omitted. (This approach may require a grace period to be established as a wider guideline as it’s significantly different from what web developers are typically taught. For consistency and simplicity reasons it’s best served to omit all optional tags, not just a selection.)
Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) is a variant of the standard web transfer protocol (HTTP) that adds a layer of security on the data in transit through a secure socket layer (SSL) or transport layer security (TLS) protocol connection.
HTTPS enables encrypted communication and a secure connection between a remote user and the primary web server.
HTTPS is configured and supported by default in most web browsers and initiates a secure connection automatically if the accessed web servers request a secure connection. HTTPS works in collaboration with certificate authorities that evaluates the security certificate of the accessed website. Use HTTPS for embedded resources where possible.
Always use HTTPS (https:) for images and other media files, style sheets, and scripts, unless the respective files are not available over HTTPS.
Look how we use it.
10. Separation of Concerns
Do separate structure from a presentation from behavior.
Strictly keep structure (markup), presentation (styling), and behavior (scripting) apart, and try to keep the interaction between the three to an absolute minimum.
That is, make sure documents and templates contain only HTML and HTML that is solely serving structural purposes. Move everything presentational into style sheets, and everything behavioral into scripts.
Besides, keep the contact area as small as possible by linking as few style sheets and scripts as possible from documents and templates.
Separating structure from a presentation from behavior is important for maintenance reasons. It is always more expensive to change HTML documents and templates than it is to update style sheets and scripts.
11. Understand the Difference Between Block vs. Inline Elements
Block elements are elements that simply clear each line after they’re declared, spanning the whole width of the available space. Inline elements take only as much space as they need, and don’t force a new line after they’re used.
Here is the list of elements that are either inline or block:
And the block elements:
12. Alphabetize your Properties
While this is more of a waggish tip,
it can come in handy for quick scanning.
In a nutshell, what are the major guidelines that need to keep in mind whilst creating or designing a website? Without such guidelines that give ample knowledge, you can’t target your audience nearly as narrowly. The team paradise hope this tutorial will help you through the landing pages journey!
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